7월, 2014의 게시물 표시

Getting Through the Handlers

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The most flexible means of making an Android-friendly background thread is to create an instance of a Handler subclass. You need only one Handler object per activity, and you do not need to manually register it. Merely creating the instance is sufficient to register it with the Android threading subsystem.
Your background thread can communicate with the Handler, which will do all of its work on the activity’s UI thread. This is important, as UI changes, such as updating widgets, should occur only on the activity’s UI thread. You have two options for communicating with the Handler: messages and Runnable objects.
Messages To send a Message to a Handler, first invoke obtainMessage() to get the Message object out of the pool. There are a few flavors of obtainMessage(), allowing you to create empty Message objects or ones populated with message identifiers and arguments. The more complicated your Handler processing needs to be, the more likely it is you will need to put data into the Message to help the…

Android Holder Pattern

Using the Holder Pattern Another somewhat expensive operation commonly done with fancy views is calling findViewById(). This dives into our inflated row and pulls out widgets by their assigned identifiers, so we can customize the widget contents (e.g., to change the text of a TextView or change the icon in an ImageView). Since findViewById() can find widgets anywhere in the tree of children of the row’s root View, this could take a fair number of instructions to execute, particularly if we need to find the same widgets repeatedly. In some GUI toolkits, this problem is avoided by having the composite View objects, like rows, be declared totally in program code (in this case, Java). Then, accessing individual widgets is merely a matter of calling a getter or accessing a field. And we can certainly do that with Android, but the code gets rather verbose. What would be nice is a way that enables us still to use the layout XML, yet cache our row’s key child widgets so that we need to find the…